Phonics at St Andrews is taught discreetly throughout Reception, Year 1 and Year 2 with continued support throughout year 3 and 4 for those who require further phonics teaching and input.
We use the scheme Anima Phonics in St Andrews Primary School.
We follow the progression of Letters and Sounds, which is designed to help teachers and practitioners support children in learning the different phonemes and graphemes as well as how to blend and segment them for reading and writing.
We support our letter formation with the use of pictures and rhymes. In Reception and Year 1 we focus on forming letters correctly – starting in the right place, going in the right direction and placing it on the line correctly (using ascenders and descenders). When the child is ready, they will begin to look at blends and joining their letters together. This will happen towards the end of Year 1 and in Year 2
Below is an overview of what each child should be doing by the end of each phase
By the end of Phase 2 children should:
- say each of the sounds using the action to support them
- match the sound to the letter
- be beginning to write the letters
- orally blend and segment CVC words
- be able to blend and segment in order to read and write CVC and VC words such as in, at, cat, pin, sock, log
- be able to blend ‘alien’ CVC words such as dis, nam, ret, lom
- be able to read the tricky words I, the, to, no, go, into
- be beginning to segment CVC words and write the sounds in order
By the end of Phase 3 children should:
- be able to say the sounds for all phase 2 and phase 3 letters
- match the sound to the letters for phase 2 and phase 3 sounds
- be able to blend CVC words containing phase 2 sounds and the phase 3 digraphs and trigraphs (e.g.oa, ai, ng, ear). These words would include rock, boat, ship, bang
- be able to segment and write CVC words containing phase 2 and phase 3 sounds
- be able to read the tricky words he, she, we, me, be, was, you, they, all, are, my, her
- be able to spell the tricky words from phase 2 I, the, to, no, go, into
- be able to write the letters from phase 2 with correct formation and have a good attempt at the phase 3 letters
By the end of Phase 4 children should:
- be able to say and match all of the phase 2 and 3 sounds confidently
- be able to blend CCVC (consonant, consonant, vowel, consonant) and CVCC words containing both phase 2 and 3 sounds confidently. For example chin, shop, wish, with
- be making good attempts at segmenting CCVC and CVCC words using their knowledge of phase 2 and 3 sounds
- be able to read the tricky words said, have, like, so, do, come, some, were, there, little, one, when, out, what
- be able to write the phase 3 tricky words he, she, we, be, me, was, you, they, all, are, my, her
- be able to form all letters correctly- starting in the correct place, going in the right direction, positioning it correctly on the line.
By the end of Phase 5 children should:
- give the sound when shown any grapheme that has been taught; for any given sound, write the common graphemes
- apply phonic knowledge and skill as the prime approach to reading and spelling unfamiliar words that are not completely decodable
- read and spell phonically decodable two-syllable and three-syllable words
- read automatically all the words in the list of 100 high-frequency words
- accurately spell most of the words in the list of 100 high-frequency words; form each letter correctly
Phase 6 is part of the Year 2 programme of study for phonics and spelling. By the end of year 2 children should be fluent readers and accurate spellers. They should understand and use grammatical skills such as verb tenses and suffixes as well as using helpful spelling rules and techniques to support them in writing activities.
Here are some links for things you may find helpful